All objects of this universe are made of five elements
basically. These five basic elements are (1) Earth or
Soil (2) Water (3) Fire (4) Air (5) Space ( Aakash ).
These are called “ Panch Mahabhoot “.
1. EARTH :- Earth here means composition of the
surface of the earth , the soil and other minerals present
in the soil. The upper part of the surface is called soil
,Stone, sand, iron, lime etc., all these are parts of soil.
All these physical elements are available in limited quantity and on a particular place. This depends on the composition of surface, its form and size, trees and vegetation grown upon it etc. that whether it will be appropriate to inhabit at such a place or not . Moreover if thereis a residence there , what type of construction should be there. Availability of essential building materials and their transportation also depend
upon the formation of soil . Soil can be categorized on
the basis of its shape , touch , taste and sound . We
must take care that it suits our physique while selecting land for building and collecting building material.
There are many things described in Vaastu Shastra
about the size and type of land and method of “ Bhoomi
Poojan “ are also explained in it .
2. WATER :- It is most essential for all creatures and
is a basic element in construction. Water forms 3/4 part
of body’s weight. All of us know about different forms
and resources of water . The quantity of water available
at present is limited and is less than the
5. THE FIVE MAIN ELEMENTS
( PANCH MAHABHOOT )
The Five Main Elements
requirement. Not only for creatures and vegetation but
also for house construction , water is needed in
sufficient quantity. Therefore , it should be ensured before house construction , whether water will remain
available or not . Usually , in most of the villages a
pond is available along with ground water source , which
is maintained by villagers themselves . People inhabit
colonies on the banks of rivers, lakes and sea, where
underground water is available in large quantity and wells can be dug up in a suitable place for colonies . Shape and size of building and life-style are designed at a place according to the availability of water and relation with land. Taking care of water also means the house is stable even during heavy rains, the building is not harmed and flood does not cause havoc. Taste forms, feeling and sound are characteristics of water .
3. FIRE :- Fire circulates energy in the form of light
and heat . The sun is the main source of light and heat
for us. The movement of the earth in relation to the sun
causes day and night and change in seasons . Rain
and wind are also possible due to the heat of the sun.
The sun provides living beings with courage, zeal and
power . Most of the colonies in the world are found in
temperate zones where Sun’s energy is available in
sufficient quantity . Care should be taken that the building has constant supply of light , it is completely safe from fire , construction material is selected in such away that it is fit for living comfortably in both seasons - in summer as well as in winter and it is not destroyed by lightning. Thus house construction plan is
greatly affected by heat and light ( i.e. Fire ).Shape , feeling and sound are characteristics of fire .
4. AIR :- Atmosphere ( i.e. mixture of gases like
Oxygen , Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Ozone etc. .) exists around the earth up to 400 km height approximately.
Composition of atmosphere and presence of vapours in it differ from place to place according to local situations . We cannot see air but we can feel and hear it. Air is an essential element for all living beings.It is essential to have correct supply , correct temperature and pressure, correct percentage of humidity in the air for both kinds of comforts- physical and mental for man. Therefore, the shape, size,constructionand direction of buildings should be suchas they have sufficient supply of air for healthy andcomfortable living. No part of the building shouldremain without air . Foul air should not gather in the building and fresh air should come continuously . From which direction air should enter or not is also important . In our country the air blowing from the South is considered baneful and inauspicious.
5. Space :- Space is the most widely spread over of
the five basic elements. The unending region of the universe in which all the heavenly bodies exist is called
space ( Aakaash ). There is no place in the universe
where this space does not exist. Gravitational pull of
various heavenly bodies, magnetic power, different kinds
of radiations and waves like ultra -violet rays, infra- red
rays, light rays , cosmic rays, etc. are always present
in space. Their effects can be felt in many forms, and
many activities and designs ( plans ) in our life are
conducted by their effects .Sound is produced in space
only. If there is no space, sound waves are not possible.
The form in which space permits the building will decide accordingly the form of our talking,singing and playing, weeping and other activities. The echo of our sound will go according to space.Therefore, the houses should be built in such a way and plan that these invisible forces of nature and the energies generated by them can be fully utilized and their harmful effects can be avoided.
Human body is also made of five basic elements and
similarly all the other things of the world are made of
them. Therefore, the five basic elements existing inside and outside man have a constant though invisible relation which affects activities of life. In our residence or office buildings, etc., are constructed in a well- planned manner keeping in view the effects of“Panchmahabhoot”, i.e. the five basic elements - earth,water, air, space and fire- life can be full of more happiness and prosperity.
The ancient Rishis and Sages had knowledge of the
relation between five basic elements and their energies and their utility in needed quantity. Therefore, vaastu shastra explains such principles of house building according to which appropriate use of the effects of these five basic elements can be achieved by selecting land accordingly, as soil inhabits our body, similarly our body inhabits a building. The effects of these five basic elements have been fully taken care of in the principles laid down in Vaastu Shastra, by which a residence can be made for a comfortable life and not merely for show.