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Tuesday, November 25, 2014

'KaruNaikkadalil Sila AlaigaL

Kanchi Chandrasekhara and Sringeri Chandrasekhara
author:....... Raa. Ganapathi 
source:....... 'KaruNaikkadalil Sila AlaigaL, pages 82-106
publisher:.... Divya Vidya Padhippaham (Jun. 2005 Edition)
type:......... book, Tamil 

(An essay published in the Kalki Deepavali Malar, 1992).

Pages 82-85

All though for Sri Kanchi Maha PeriyavargaL a hundred years of age will be completed a year and a 
half from now, that is, in the Vaisaka (Vaikasi) Anusham day coming in 1994, we matched sRuti 
for his shatAbdi festivities right from the time when he became ninety-nine.

On this occasion, let us become double puNyashAlis by remembering in anjali, another 
mahA periyavargaL who in vAstavam completed a hundred years on the holy day when the 
ekAdashI tithi and the magha nakShatra came together in the Ashvina (aippasi) 
month, four days before the current Deepavali.

It is a surprising similarity that the tuRavaRa tirunAmam (holy name of asceticism) of that 
Maha PeriyavargaL was also 'Chandrasekhara'. Sri Chandrasekhara Bharathi SwamigaL was that Maha 
Periyavar who performed the same divya paNi (divine work) for forty-two years in the Sringeri 
Sri Sankara MaTham, during the same time when in Kanchi Sri Sankara MaTham, PeriyavargaL Sri 
Chandrasekarendra Sarasvati SwamigaL's rule of jnAnam was exercised.

Changing the proverb 'as Surya Chandra' and becoming 'eka kAla dvi chandras', both of them 
remained as adhipatis of two great Guru PiThams for the forty-two years from 1912 to 1954, 
and spread jnAnam, bhakti, and shAstra dharmas by giving wonderful upadesha of them. 
Since that upadesha with both of them was a lively example of their own life and living 
besides being their vAimozhi (word of mouth), that vAimozhi remained as one that had 
mantra shakti. And both of them received the adoration as Maha Purushas, Deiva Purushas.

Committing pApam and getting shApam that resulted in his waning and waxing, Chandra 
bowed to Paramesha, seeking pardon. The Aiyan in his limitless compassion took him in his hands and 
wore him on his mudi (hair) and became Chandrasekhara. That tiruppeyar (holy name) 
also became the name for the two Acharya Murtis who took on their head the responsibility of showing 
guidance towards goodness for the world that was getting more and more immersed in pApam and 
seeking no pardon for that!

Among the names of the Guru Parampara in the two PiThams, the Chandrasekhara nAmam was the 
only common name for both. Maha PeriyavAL is the seventh among the Chandrasekharas of the Kanchi 
PiTham. That another Maha Periyavar was the third--or fourth--among the Chandrasekharas of the 
Sringeri PiTham. Since in Kanchi for the pIThAdhipatis from the 61st to the 67th, the names 
'Mahadeva' and 'Chandrasekhara' alternated, there was no visheSham in Maha PeriyavAL as the 
68th pIThAdhipati becoming Chandrasekhara. The visheSham was that, after his ascension 
to the PiTham, the sage who ascended to the Sringeri PiTham five years later obtained for himself 
the Chandrasekhara tirunAmam that was earlier taken by the pIThAdhipati seventeen 
generations before and four hundred and fifty years ago!

Another similarity too! Of the ten titles for ascetics called dasha nAma in the Sankara 
tradition, the sages of Kanchi PiTham hold the title (Indra) Sarasvati. In Sringeri they hold many 
titles that include Bharati, Tirtha and Aranya. Among these, the title Bharati held by that another 
Maha Periyavar remained as a name for Sarasvati! Chandrasekhara Bharati in what is known as Sharada 
PiTham in Sringeri, and Chandrasekara Sarasvati in what is known as Sharada MaTham in Kanchi had 
both risen in their blessing stances.

Like the Chandra that showers as cool and pleasing moonlight changing the heat and eye-scorching 
light of Surya, these two Chandras showered for the world making the jnAna advaita jvAla 
pleasing to the people! It was their tapo kAnti (radiance of penance) that changed it all to 
the Chandrika that gives tApa shAnti (peace from afflictions), and comforted, consoled and 
saved the Adiyars (devotees) from danger.

Both can be termed as 'matchless'. By that very saying doesn't it became that they are parasparam 
 (mutually comparable for similarities)? Both of them realized in anubhavam the 

advaita jnAnam; possessed sharpness of knowledge that made the pundits wonder; at the same 
time capable of simplifying the parama tattvas and giving upadesha to the 
pAmara (grass roots) in a way that attracted them; were niRai kudams (full vessels) 
that never made noise but remained calm; exercised inner love for the entire uyirkkulam 
(family of beings); dhIras who relentlessly followed the rigours of dharma shastras and 
swimmed against the tide of kAlam (the time) that took an alankolam (a show of 
indiscipline); satya sannyAsa shIlas who endured the jAjvalyam (splendour, radiance) 
of jagadgurutvam (the status of being Jagadgurus) as necessary traps, never letting it dim 
their own light--thus in many aMsas both of them matched eath other--as anyonya 
 as they say. Subtle humour, in the saulabhyaM (ease) of conversing with anyone 

with open heart, subtly making fun of the other and at the same time making fun of the self 
too--even in these things both of them have remained similar!

A kind of similarity even in how if Kannadam was the mother tongue of the Kanchi MaTha Thalaivar in 
Tamilnadu, Telegu was the mother tongue of the Sringeri MaTha Thalaivar in Kannada Nadu!

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